A data ingestion pipeline is required to port data from multiple sources and multiple business units.
It transports data from assorted sources to a data storage medium where it is accessed, used, and analyzed.
It is a base for the other process of data analytics. Organizing the data ingestion pipeline is a key strategy while transitioning to a data lake solution.
5 best practices to design a data ingestion pipeline
Let’s look at the best practices to consider while creating a data ingestion pipeline.
Practice #1: Identifying data sources
Data teams increasingly load data from different business units, 3rd party data sources, and unstructured data to a data lake.
This data could be driven from different sources and in different formats-structured, unstructured, and streaming.
Structured data is the output from ERP & CRM and is already presented in the database in structures like columns and data types.
Unstructured data sources have data in the form of regular text files, video, audio, and documents; metadata information is required to maintain them. Streaming data comes from sensors, machines, IoT devices, and multimedia broadcasts.
Practice #2: Leveraging ELT
ELT (Extraction, Load, Transform) is a process of extracting data from multiple sources, loading them into a common data point, and performing the transformation depending on the task.
ELT comprises 3 different sub-processes:
- Extraction: Data is exported from source to staging, not directly to the warehouse to prevent corruption.
- Load: Extracted data is moved from the staging area to the data warehouse.
- Transformation: Post loading, required transformations are performed once which could be filtering, validating, etc.
Practice #3: Evaluating the best available technology
With a plethora of tools and technologies available, you need to analyze which one is the best suitable according to our needs.
Helpful characteristics to look out for in a tool are:
- Time effective in terms of delivery and rapid extraction
- Simplified user interface
Here is a list of tools that can handle large amounts of data.
- Apache Kafka: Kafka is an open-source application that allows you to store, read, and analyze data streams free of cost. Kafka is distributed, which means that it can run as a cluster spanning multiple servers.
- Apache NIFI: Real-time open-source data ingestion platform built on NiagraFiles technology designed to manage data transfer between different sources and destination systems.
- Wavefront: It offers features such as big data intelligence, enterprise application integration, data quality, and master data management.
Practice #4: Availing a certified cloud provider services
It’s essential to choose the proven and certified cloud provider which can handle volumed and provides secure storage which remains a major concern.
Large-scale data breaches are becoming more common making businesses vulnerable to facing the loss of sensitive data.
Zero-knowledge encryption, multi-factor authenticator, and privacy are some of the factors that must be considered while selecting the cloud provider.
Practice #5: Asking for help early
Data ingestion is a complex process and every point of the pipeline is important and dependent, it’s recommended to take help from experts before ingesting data.
You need to be conscious while implementing as it’s easy to get stuck. Reach out to an expert or seek consultation as early as possible because little delay or mistake can corrupt the whole system.
Deriving maximum value from your data ingestion pipeline
Creating an efficient data ingestion pipeline is a complex process. The biggest hurdle enterprises face while creating a data ingestion pipeline is data silos.
Datavid Rover solves this fundamental problem by providing out-of-the-box data ingestion for common enterprise data sources like SAP ERP, Microsoft Dynamics, etc.
Our team of expert consultants can help you set up your data hub with built-in connectors or build completely new ones for your specific use case.
Frequently asked questions
A data pipeline comprises a set of steps to move data from multiple sources to a single destination.
Identifying data sources, leveraging ELT, deploying data ingestion tools, using services of a certified cloud provider, and seeking recommendations early in the process of designing a data ingestion pipeline are the best practices.
Data source, data process steps, and data destination are the key elements of a data ingestion pipeline.